We put our customers first

What is Laminated Magnet or Lamination Magnet?

Eddy current is one of the biggest difficulties in the motor industry which will give rise to the temperature of permanent magnets and caused demagnetization, then affected the working efficiency of the motor. We named it “Eddy Current Loss of Permanent Magnets”

What is Laminated Magnet or Lamination Magnet?-U-Polemag

In most cases, the eddy current loss of permanent magnets is much lower than iron loss and copper loss of the motor, but it will generate a large temperature rise in the high-speed motor and the high power density motor.

Ideally, rotor magnetic field and stator magnetic field of PMSM are rotating synchronously, or relatively static, thus permanent magnets without eddy current loss in such case. In fact, there are a series of space and time harmonics are existing in the air gap magnetic field, and these harmonic components are stemming from cogging effect, non-sinusoidal distribution of magnetomotive force and phase current. The harmonic magnetic field will link with rotor magnetic field and hence generated eddy current and caused relevant eddy current loss. It should be also noted that the harmonic magnetic field and eddy current loss will rise with increasing motor speed.

Laminated magnets are regarded as a wise solution to solve the eddy current loss in the surge of high-speed rotating machinery development.

What is Laminated Magnet or Lamination Magnet?-U-Polemag

Laminated magnets are made by bonding several pieces of thin magnets together via special isolation glue which also be called magnet segmentation technology, and thus dramatically reduce the eddy flux loss of the magnets without changing the structure and performance of the motors. Actually, puzzles existing in the development of laminated magnets are the assembly process and consequently high costs. U-Polemag has collected much experience via some axial flux motor projects.

Welcome to inquiry us for more information,and we will try our best to offer you the best service.


U-POLEMAG Corrosion-proof Coating Solution (Over 500 Hrs on SAT)

“High density polymer resin coating” is new solution for protecting neodymium magnets which are easy to be oxidized from the rust. It resist over 500 hours on salty spray testing (SST), and we can supply different colors as your request. It’s not only a good solution for the rust proof, also passed the allergy patch test by Japanese medical company, used in their medical solutions and also such as medical accessories which will always touch to the human skins

U-POLEMAG Corrosion-proof Coating Solution (Over 500 Hrs on SAT)-U-Polemag

U-POLEMAG Corrosion-proof Coating Solution (Over 500 Hrs on SAT)-U-Polemag


Industrial vitamins, “industrial gold” and “new mother” materials.

President Xi Jinping’s visit earlier this week to a rare earth firm in east China’s Jiangxi province has triggered sharp speculation whether the strategic sector will be included in the escalating Sino-US trade war.

China is one of the world’s major suppliers of rare earth metals, a group of 17 elements that are widely used in high-tech products ranging from flat-screen TVs to lasers and military equipment.

According to some estimates, China is sitting on 90 percent of the world’s rare earth reserves.

China’s rare earths exports, a Reuters report said, have been spared from recent tariffs by the US, which has decided not to impose import duties on those and some other critical minerals from China as part of the trade war.

“Beijing, however, has raised tariffs on imports of U.S. rare earth metal ores from 10 percent to 25 percent from June 1, making it less economical to process the material in China,” the report said.

Xi’s visit to the JL MAG Rare-Earth company as well as the development of the rare earth industry in the city of Ganzhou could be an indication that Beijing is well aware of the power of the element of rare earth in the ongoing tit-for-tat trade war – and could be ready to deploy it.

Xi was accompanied by vice-premier Liu He, the top negotiator with Washington amid the ongoing dispute.

Brief reports on the visit didn’t give details or mention the trade war but the official news agency, Xinhua’s report in Chinese pointed out the importance of rare earth to China, calling it “industrial vitamin, “industrial gold” and “mother of new materials”.

It also said that rare earth is an important element that cannot be regenerated.

In March, China announced that the first batch of quota for rare earths totals 60,000 tonnes, about half the quota set for 2018, according to a circular jointly issued by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

Of the total, 50,425 tonnes were allocated for light rare earths, with 9,575 tonnes for medium and heavy rare earth metals, the Xinhua reported.

“China has by far been the largest source of imported rare earths into the US for a number of years, totalling almost US$92 million in 2018, according to the US International Trade Commission. Japan, the US’ second largest source, contributed US$23 million worth of imports in the same year,” the Hong Kong-based South China Morning Post reported.

Interestingly, Xi visited a monument in Yudu, in the same province, which marked the start of the Communist Party’s Long March 85 years ago. It could be interpreted as the Communist party’s general secretary’s message of unity and endurance to the Chinese amid trade war.

The ministry of foreign affairs, however, advised against “over interpreting” Xi’s visits.

“It’s only normal for the Chinese leader to pay a domestic field trip and do research on relevant industrial policies. I hope you will not over-interpret that.

To the China-US economic and trade relations, just like I said earlier, they must be based on mutual respect, equality and mutual benefit,” spokesperson, Lu Kang said.


What’s Behind the Recent Surge in Rare Earth ETF?

The world is closely watching the exchanges between China president Xi Jinping and America’s Trump. Jinping’s latest trip to a major rare earth minerals company in Jiangxi province has stirred speculations and reactions.

VanEck Vectors Rare Earth/Strategic Metals ETF’s REMX gain ofaround 5% to close at $15.25 on May 21 can also be the result of this visit. Per Reuters, MVIS Global Rare Earth/Strategic Minerals Index recorded the highest one-day gain of 6.4% since October 2011 on the day.

What’s Behind the Recent Surge in Rare Earth ETF?-U-PolemagWhat’s Behind the Recent Surge in Rare Earth ETF?-U-Polemag

Rare Earth Elements & US Connection

According to The Rare Earth Technology Alliance, there are 17 elements that are deemed rare. Found in Earth’s crust, these elements are integral for the making of modern technologies, including consumer electronics, computers and networks, communications, clean energy, advanced transportation, health care, environmental mitigation, national defense, to name a few. Available in plenty in different regions, processing rare earth elements into materials is often extremely polluting. China has created well-developed production set-ups for the same.

United States once happened to be a major producer of rare earth elements. However, over the last decade, China’s aggressive pricing schemes helped it develop almost a monopoly in rare earth materials with United States and other miners in the world exiting the segment. In fact, per a Wall Street Journal article, the only mine in the United States producing rare earth minerals, Mountain Pass, is itself dependent on China for processing. Resultantly, the United States had imported around $160 million worth of rare earth elements in 2018, with majority imports from China. The figure excludes the price of finished goods and intermediate products made using rare earths.

However, United States understands its over-dependence on foreign resources for essential minerals. Thus, in March 2019, Congress introduced a bipartisan bill to ramp up mining of U.S. rare earth elements and other critical minerals.

Can Rare Earth be China’s ‘Trump Card’ in Trade War?

China is considered the largest producer of rare earth elements as it accounts for 90% of the global production with only one-third of the world’s rare earth deposits. In fact, it accounted for 80% of the rare earths imported by the United States from 2014 to 2017.

It is believed that if China targets the rare earths exports to the United States, the effects can be catastrophic for the latter with its manufacturers in major industries like defense, oil refineries and technology struggling with supply shortages, delay and soaring raw materials prices. China can also go to the extent of targeting U.S. firms manufacturing machinery and electronics within the Chinese regions from easily accessing rare earths.

However, America might have alternative sources for some of the rare earth elements, like Australia for permanent magnets. Per Reuters, China’s move might end its so-called-monopoly and speed up the process of developing alternative sources with Brazil, Vietnam, Russia, India and Australia gaining the most.


Definition of permanent magnet material

Common permanent magnet materials are AlNiCo, ferrite permanent magnet materials and rare earth permanent magnet materials. Alnico-cobalt alloys have been developed from Al-Ni-Fe alloys. At present, the types of Al-N-cobalt alloys that can be manufactured in China are mainly LNG34, LNG52, LNGJ32, LNGJ56 and so on. Since the main characteristic of AlNiCo is high Br (residual magnetic induction) and low coercive permanent magnet materials, the relative magnetic permeability is above 3, so in the specific application, the magnetic pole must be a growth cylinder or a long rod. to minimize the effect of effect.

The AlNiCo magnet has a low coercive force. Therefore, any iron device should be strictly prohibited from contacting the AlNiCo permanent magnet material during use to avoid local demagnetization of the permanent magnet and distortion of the magnetic flux distribution in the magnetic circuit. The advantage of the AlNiCo magnet is that the temperature coefficient is small, and the deterioration of the permanent magnet characteristics due to temperature changes is small, but the material is hard and brittle, and processing is difficult. The main applications of AlNiCo are in electronic ignition systems, watt-hour meters, voltammeters, medical instruments, industrial motors, magnetic reed switches, generators, hand tools, vending machines, etc.

Ferrite permanent magnet material is one of the most widely used permanent magnet materials, and its main component is MoFe2O3. It has the advantages of large coercive force, light weight, abundant raw material source, low price, oxidation resistance, corrosion resistance, large anisotropy constant of magnetic crystal, and approximate demagnetization curve as straight line. The disadvantage is that the residual magnetism is low, the temperature coefficient is large, and it is brittle. The coercive force of the ferrite permanent magnet material is between the AlNiCo material and the rare earth cobalt permanent magnet material. Because of its low remanence, it is generally suitable for design into a flat shape. Due to its low cost, ferrite magnetic materials have a wide range of applications, from motors and speakers to toys and handicrafts, making them the most widely used permanent magnet materials. The rare earth permanent magnet material has the advantages of high coercive force, large maximum magnetic energy product, and reversible magnetic permeability equal to one. Therefore, its magnetic properties far exceed that of other magnetic materials such as ferrite and aluminum nickel cobalt.


What kind of particles are transmitted by the magnetic force between the two magnets?

Let us first understand what the magnetic force between the two magnets belongs to, so that we can understand how this force is transmitted!

What kind of particles are transmitted by the magnetic force between the two magnets?-U-Polemag

First, gravity

Gravity is the long-range force, which is the smallest of the basic forces, but in celestial interactions, gravity is the most common force! Gravity is thought to be used to transmit gravity, but it is still being guessed so far, or we can think of it as wrong for the time being. After all, it is not recognized. In quantum mechanics, the definition of gravity is: a spin 2, boson with zero mass!

What kind of particles are transmitted by the magnetic force between the two magnets?-U-Polemag

Second, the electromagnetic force

Why is magnetism and electricity unified as electromagnetic force, because the two are unified and mutually convertible. Like gravity, electromagnetic force is also a long-range force, and this is the biggest help for our daily work and life. Almost all electric equipment is This force is working! The medium particle that realizes its force is photon, because this is inseparable from electromagnetic waves, and the whole electromagnetic band is actually the different wavelength bands of light. Some can be seen, some can not be seen, and the magnetic force is that we cannot see. That kind of!

What kind of particles are transmitted by the magnetic force between the two magnets?-U-Polemag

Third, weak interaction force

The weak interaction is transmitted by fermions or bosons, which is the second weakest of the four forces and the shortest distance. It only acts on fermions such as electrons, quark layers, neutrinos, etc., and restricts radioactivity!

What kind of particles are transmitted by the magnetic force between the two magnets?-U-Polemag

Fourth, strong interaction force

The nuclear force between protons and neutrons is a strong interaction force, strong interaction force is the strongest of the four basic forces, but its range of action is very short! It is the gluon that transmits a strong force!

What kind of particles are transmitted by the magnetic force between the two magnets?-U-Polemag


Apple’s 2018 iPad Pro Contains 102 Magnets

Just when we thought Apple had done it all, they introduced a new version of their tablet that caught our attention—the 2018 version of the iPad Pro, which contains 102 Small magnets. That’s right, 102 MAGNETS. These magnets are used to hold the Apple Pencil stylus to the side of the tablet and to attach the Smart Keyboard Folio. You can’t tell the magnets are there, however. While they’re distributed mainly along the edges of the tablet, you can only see them by using a magnetic field viewing film!U-poleamg a wide variety of magnets can be provided.Apple’s 2018 iPad Pro Contains 102 Magnets-U-Polemag


New surface treatment for POT magnets Electrophoresis Coating

For neodymium magnets, plating is an very important process to protect the magnet against its working environment

For POT magnets, if no special request, we use neodymium magnets with a Ni-Cu-Ni coating for our pot magnets. In addition to traditional plating like neodymium magnets, we also can supply colorful paint finish like common white paint:

New surface treatment for POT magnets  Electrophoresis Coating-U-Polemag

However, we always hope our life is full of colors and different

So we tried to use Electrophoresis Coating for POT magnets for adding different bright colors and  get good feedback from our customers.

New surface treatment for POT magnets  Electrophoresis Coating-U-Polemag

However, if your magnet requires a particular characteristic or operates in a particularly high temperature or corrosive environment, Electrophoresis Coating is not the best choice, please contact our sales engineer for more information



Multi-wire cutting equipments for efficient magnets machining

Multi-wire saw has been used for the machining of hard brittle material, such as silicone, semiconductor and sapphire, and gradually took the place of traditional inner slicing machine. Multi-wire saw is also introduced to the machining process of rare earth permanent magnet by Chinese manufacturers, and achieved good results.

For rapidly and efficiently machining rare earth magnets, U-Polemag has made a huge investment in new plant for multi-wire saw equipments for allowing integration of a wire cutting process into a high volume production scale operation.

Multi-wire cutting equipments for efficient magnets machining-U-Polemag

Multi-wire cutting equipments for efficient magnets machining-U-Polemag

Working Principle of Multi-wire Saw

Multi-wire saw depend mainly on reciprocating motion of thin steel wire, then enable grinding and cutting for material. Due to the environmental item, Silicon Carbide mortar has virtually been abandoned by users, and resin bonded diamond line has become mainstream.

Multi-wire cutting equipments for efficient magnets machining-U-Polemag

Advantages of Multi-wire Saw

  1. Avoiding magnet materials waste and improving the yield product
  2. Rapidly and efficiently machining magnets
  3. Superior cutting precision with good consistency.
  4. Surfaceroughness is low, and free of follow-up grinding process and its machining allowances.
  5. Sludgescraps easy to recycle.

Over half offshore wind power investment directed projects will be in UK and China by 2025

 Energy research and consultancy firm Westwood Global Energy Group predicts that global offshore wind energy capacity will increase fivefold between 2017 and 2025, with almost half of a projected 289 billion euros ($315.7 billion) of global investment directed toward projects in the UK and China. Presenting at the All Energy conference in Glasgow, Westwood’s President of Consulting Andrew Reid said that China is a major growth market in the offshore wind industry. China plans to install 12.7 GW in turbine projects over the next eight years, up from 1GW in 2016, and totaling 53.6 billion euro in investment. “China is still in the early development phases of an offshore wind industry,” Reid said. “China as a territory has significant resource potential, allied with an appetite to progress and have more material impact with their offshore wind market.”
   The UK still dominates the sector and is forecast to add 17.7 GW of capacity by 2025 with investment of 81 billion euro. Westwood forecasts a total of 62 gigawatts of global capacity will be added by 2025, an increase of 466 percent, based on planned projects and those already under construction. “The UK has a lot of marine territory, with numerous high quality sites where you can make meaningful contributions,” Reid said. “We’ve underinvested in our energy infrastructure for decades and we’ve got a lot of catching up to do. There’s a huge political drive and support for the [offshore wind] sector.” Over the last three decades, offshore wind energy has become increasingly cost competitive, leading to the current boom in the industry. The larger scale of turbines has driven efficiency. Rotor diameter in 1985 was around 15 meters, generating 0.05 megawatts of power. Current turbines have rotor diameters of up to 164 meters that can generate up to 8 megawatts.
    The next generation of 12 to 15 megawatt turbines will stand as tall as the Eiffel Tower, with rotor diameters of over 200 meters. Westwood predicts offshore wind could become more competitive than Combined Cycle Gas Turbines plants by 2020. The industry was heavily subsidized by governments in order to attract investment but subsidies have been reduced.
    In Germany, Europe’s second largest offshore wind market, a recent licensing round saw utilities bidding on prospective sites on the basis that they do not need subsidies. “The offshore wind industry is a very real industry today, one which stands on its own two feet” Reid said. “And I spend most of my time in the oil and gas sector. I’m quite surprised how well this industry has done and what it’s shaping up to be.” Earlier this year, the British Chamber of Commerce Shanghai announced plans for an offshore wind hub that will facilitate the entry of specialist UK companies into the Chinese market, with support from British trade association RenewableUK and the UK Department for International Trade.
    Maf Smith, deputy chief executive of RenewableUK, said: “China has a very ambitious offshore wind program as part of its overall need to decarbonize and shift to cleaner fuels.”